Ethereum enables the creation of Smart Contracts, which has unlocked a lot of potential use cases, some of which are discussed below.
DeFi provides users with financial services like lending, borrowing, decentralized exchange (DEX), yield farming, stablecoins, and much more - all services that are provided by the bank, but without the need for a bank or any centralized entity. DeFi unlocks a lot of potential use cases like flash loans (It is an uncollateralized loan as long as the borrowed assets are repaid under the same block transaction, so basically you can buy millions of dollars without putting any collateral for a few seconds). This is one of the major advancements in the financial industry which is made possible by Ethereum.
In today's world identity verification is still done through passports made of paper because government is not able to verify the credibility of the online document. But what if that document is stored on blockchain, this will help to create identities that are more secure, portable, and verifiable, while reducing the risk of theft. This is also useful in online authentication and access to services. Digital Identity is not limited to passports it can be your social account too! Also recently, the Chinese government has announced to Verify Citizens' Identities With a New Blockchain-Based Platform and this platform will be launched by 2025. This will enable users to register and log in to websites anonymously using DID addresses and private keys, ensuring that business data and transactions remain disconnected from personal information. Projects working on this are Ethereum Name Service (ENS), Lens Protocol, and Spruce ID.
Ethereum has made the tokenization of real-world assets possible by the introduction of Smart Contracts. Tokenizing real estate, stocks, artworks, and even traditional bank loans on blockchain will help to make them portable, easily transferable, more secure, and verifiable. The basic idea here is to make an [NFT] of that asset. A few projects working on this idea are Polymath, Securitize, and BitBond.
Decentralized Voting System
In the existing voting scenario, there are concerns regarding the influence of social media giants on elections, vulnerabilities in traditional voting booths, and various flaws in the current voting system. The introduction of a Decentralized Voting System addresses these issues, ensuring a fair and secure voting process. This innovative approach, currently employed in various Decentralized Autonomous Organizations (DAOs), not only mitigates external influences but also simplifies the maintenance of statistical data by seamlessly fetching and updating information through smart contracts.
Privacy from third parties
For individuals with a keen awareness of online privacy, Ethereum emerges as a safeguard against the pervasive tracking mechanisms employed by various applications and websites. Often extending beyond the confines of a single platform, these entities monitor user behavior and share your personal information with advertising agencies, unbeknownst to the user. Ethereum, however, offers an innovative solution by providing users with the ability to make their data publicly available, thereby enabling the trajectory of their data. This also restraints applications and websites to exercise prudence in handling sensitive information.
Initial Coin Offerings (ICO)
Ethereum has made crowdfunding easier with the introduction of ICOs. ICOs are initial coin offerings that function similarly to IPOs(initial public offerings), basically it is a funding method by which early-stage startups receive funding in crypto by selling their tokens in public. A lot of projects have generated millions in ICOs, although due to lack of regulation, there have been scams and fraud and that's why they are banned in certain countries like China and South Korea.
Supply Chain Management and Traceability
With Ethereum, you can track anything you order by documenting every transaction on a tamper-proof database (Ethereum). This allows us to create more immutable systems, ensuring the integrity of data. Ethereum's transparency makes it ideal for supply chain management ensuring the quality and accountability of goods. This will help to deal with counterfeit products, streamline logistics, and increase in confidence of consumers in their product.
Medical Records Management
Ethereum has the potential to change the Healthcare system completely, by making your medical records accessible globally to every hospital in the world! Suppose, you are on a family vacation in Bali and need your medical records urgently, you won't have to go through the hassle of retrieving them, the hospitals will have access to it worldwide. Not only this but hospitals and researchers will have more data to develop new vaccines and will help to control more outbreaks.
These are just a glimpse of the potential applications of Ethereum. From healthcare and voting systems to Tokenizing assets and intellectual property management, the possibilities are endless. As the technology matures and adoption grows, we can expect even more innovative uses to emerge, transforming industries and reshaping our relationship with technology.
While cryptocurrencies like Bitcoin often dominate headlines, it's important to remember that Ethereum's true value lies in its underlying technology. Its potential to disrupt and empower individuals across various sectors makes it a force to be reckoned with. So, the next time you hear about Ethereum, remember, that it's not just about digital money; it's about building a more transparent, secure, and decentralized future for everyone.
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